The “Storm of the Century” Super Typhoon Haiyan smashed into the Philippines in 2013 with monster wind gusts up to 379 kph (235 mph) recorded just before it hit landfall.
The typhoon, called Yolanda in the Philippines, may be the strongest storm to ever hit land anywhere. Three deaths have been confirmed so far. Watch video footage of the storm hitting the Philippines in this BBC News report:
Super typhoon Haiyan, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Yolanda, was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded, devastating portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines, in early-November 2013.
It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon recorded in modern history, killing at least 6,300 people in that country alone. Super typhoon Haiyan is also the strongest storm recorded at landfall, and the strongest typhoon ever recorded in terms of one-minute sustained wind speed. As of January 2014, bodies were still being found.
The thirtieth named storm of the 2013 Pacific typhoon season, Haiyan originated from an area of low pressure several hundred kilometers east-southeast of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia on November 2, 2013.
Tracking generally westward, environmental conditions favored tropical cyclogenesis and the system developed into a tropical depression the following day.
After becoming a tropical storm and being given the name Haiyan at 0000 UTC on November 4, the system began a period of rapid intensification that brought it to typhoon intensity by 1800 UTC on November 5.
By November 6, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) assessed the system as a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale; the storm passed over the island of Kayangel in Palau shortly after attaining this strength.
A weakened the so called Super typhoon Haiyan, with its core disrupted by interaction with the Philippines, emerged over the South China Sea late on November 8.
Environmental conditions ahead of the storm soon became less favorable, as cool stable air began wrapping into the western side of the circulation.