US piracy markets list: China tops — China was named as the leading place in the world for physical markets selling counterfeit goods, as the United States released its Notorious Markets List for 2013 on Wednesday.
The US report said websites in Europe, South America, and Canada lead the world in online sales of pirated goods.
The report highlights markets that allegedly harm US businesses and jobs by infringing on intellectual property rights, said US Trade Representative Michael Froman.
The list of “notorious” markets were selected “because they exemplify concerns about trademark counterfeiting and copyright piracy on a global basis and because the scale and popularity of these marketplaces can cause economic harm to US and other IPR holders,” said the USTR.
The list, however, does not reflect legal violations, which are normally covered in the annual US Special 301 Report on unfair trade practices, according to reports.
It said the aim of the new list was to help both the US and foreign governments put a priority on the enforcement of intellectual property rights.
“The markets we have identified unfairly take from these American workers, diminishing the value and saleability of their work and threatening their jobs,” said a statement from Mr Froman.
In addition to this, consumers can be harmed by fake goods such as medicines, personal care products and automotive parts, he added.
The Silk Market in Beijing and the Garment Wholesale Center in Guangzhou were singled out as key sources of counterfeit goods in China and key contributors to the counterfeiting of goods in China and worldwide.
The report also mentioned the chain of 22 Buynow PC Malls across China as a source of pirated movies, games, and software.
The list included multiple markets throughout Thailand, including Bangkok’s MBK and Pantip Plaza shopping centres. The report said efforts to enforce copyright laws “are largely ineffective” in them.
The report named six markets in India, with Nehru Place in New Delhi being singled out as a “prominent example” of places dealing in “large volumes” of counterfeit software and entertainment, and other fake goods.
Online marketplaces singled out in the report include The Pirate Bay, the Sweden-based site that helps users download unauthorised copyright-protected material, and the similar Canada-based KickassTorrents, and Torrentz.eu, reported based in either Canada or Finland.